The tectonic plates are classified into convergent, divergent and strike-slip, and ocean mixed.
Before proceeding to the explanation of the types of tectonic plates, it is appropriate to explain that is meant by these, as well as the geographical studies and morphological, is managed to determine that the earth is composed of a series of layers or plates that presented fractures through which passes the magna, and it gives rise to the irregularities of the earth’s surface, such as mountains and volcanoes.
They are called tectonics, by reference to which the union and separation of these thanks to the movements that the magna production in the same, was what gender the continents.
What are the types of tectonic plates?
Are plates that are located to each other, in fact it can be considered that the same collide slightly, so much so, that the layer that presents an edge is thinner, it ends up being a bit absorbed by the one that has a thicker rim.
This is often a place when the plates slip and end up colliding with each other, when the shock are linked have to place the rock formations upward, that is to say, the mountains.
In contrast, takes place when the tectonic plates are moving away from each other, or rather when these are separated which gives rise to mountain ranges sea.
By way of illustration, as well as there are mountains that rise above the earth’s surface, in the same way, there are the underwater mountains, that is to say, those that rise above the ocean floor, and they tend to be of volcanic origin, these are usually discovered in research by the divers, who appreciate to few meters above the bottom of the sea.
Given that these are located in the depths, hardly have been able to be studied fully, so that the data are themselves estimates.
Are considered as well, because the plates do not move but in opposite directions, coming to cause major failures, that is to say, that these do not collide or repel each other, but moving completely in opposite directions, thereby generating structural faults in the earth’s crust.
These plates show the presence of transform faults, being the most well known of all the San andreas fault, it should be noted that this type of failures are very easy to perceive taking into consideration that generate a remarkable and noticeable irregularity in the terrain.
In regard to the failure of the world’s largest, is located in the territory of both U.s. and Mexican, wraps the communities of California in both nations, such failure, as mentioned bears the name of San Andrés.
The presence of this fault has resulted in the San Francisco bay close to the city of San Francisco, taking into consideration that each of the locations are located on opposite sides, however, by continuous movements of the fault, these are coming closer together each year near the 4 and 5 centimeters, in fact such changes are not appreciable by the human.
But if it generates change in regards to the structures, coming to generate fractures in the aqueducts or roads, this still fails an object of study recurrent by the department of seismology of the country, for the imminent risk that it represents for the society, to be able to trigger one of the activities telluric most powerful in the world.
It makes mention of all those who are part of the ocean surface, certainly these may not be appreciated by the people, at least activities to be carried out in diving specialized, since they must descenderse large latitudes, because they are at the bottom of the sea.
It is those plates that are devoid of ocean and have a little of it, the fact that you have this conformation, does not endow them with a special activity, in fact all the geographical studies have determined that the majority of the continental plates have these features, since its edges are immersed in the waters.