Speciation is classified into allopatric, paraprática, estasiprática simprática.
Is known as speciation to the genetic process of evolution, according to which, the same species, it is possible to produce two subtypes, each one with its characteristics well marked; let’s look at an example, a greater explanation of the concept and in the same way, we can appreciate the stages of speciation:
The scenario, a set of ants to stick to a group of seeds, creating your environment, and even leaving their offspring among the heat of the same, to create the next generations.
The transfer, when the seeds are taken out and carried to another location, next to them, are part of the ants, who are scattered in the new territory, moving the fry to grow up in a different place to the colony.
The population of ants is diverges, certainly the ants in the new land they must adapt, create habits of different conduct that would ensure survival.
The reunion, when by circumstances beyond, the ants return to their place of origin, it does not easily fit, because they have habits of conduct that is very different, so they must go through a process to its suitability with the rest of the group, but the differences are always going to weigh, as each one presents different lineages.
What are the types of speciation?
Considered by many as a geographic and takes place, when a population is divided, leaving a few individuals in its space of origin, the others being moved to a certain distance, in such a way that they can not interact with each other.
Such segmentation is usually given in a natural manner, in such a way that it is not a voluntary migration, but that has to place by accident natural, the same consequent to the creation of two distinct groups of the same species, marked by the geographical distance that is marked between them. This is distinguished in:
Vicariante, or the geographical itself, takes place when a same species, is divided into two groups, that manage to evolve in a different way, patterns of behavior.
In peripheral populations occurs, when the members of a group are dispersed into the foothills of the central location, that is to say, as if it were an extension.
Asexual organisms, many consider that he has a place as an evolution of the species, which makes a new phenotype of difficult differentiation.
Takes place when despite the fact that there is no greater distance between the two groups, these tend not to combine by marked differences in their behavior, remind yourself that the individuals form their patterns according to their group and their environment, so that, if there are differences there can be procreation with ease.
One of the more peculiar, that takes place by mutations, many people believe that this can be geographic difference or not, because at times, it may be the same environment that causes an alteration in the molecular structure of the new individuals, so that you may not make hasty conclusions, to study all the endogenous and exogenous factors that could have caused due to mutation.
What’s more peculiar, is that the mutation takes place in groups with small members, that according to studies more approximate, they have not undergone any migration whatsoever, so they can coexist with the original population, carrying out marked patterns of behavior, and no give between the same mating.
One of the most complex to understand and that deserves a greater study of the behavior of the group, as the same may have to occur when the members move to another niche, finding there the reproduction of a new colony, that presents the different habits of the original population.
So, in many cases, the compatibility or not between both groups depends on the individuals themselves, studies have shown that this type of speciation is usually given out by individuals who are dropouts from the initial group.
An example of them, the herd of lions that divides or separates, when the males arrive at breeding age and may not live together in the same territorial space, being forced to form their own herd.